Marijuana Strains: Types and Effects of Different Cannabis Strains

Whether you are someone with practice in cannabis use, the common question is what types of marijuana strains exist on the market. The answer is there isn’t any definite number. Although there are only three types of cannabis- indica, sativa, and hybrid, the latter is the starting point for creating dozens of strains.

It is essential to mention that each type of strain produces a distinct effect. Therefore, you can choose different types of marijuana strains for various purposes.

Significant Types of Marijuana Strains

The effect that each type of strain produces comes from the characteristics of its parent plants. For example, cannabis Indica that originates from India’s Hindu Kush mountains, has a relaxing effect on the user. On the other hand, cannabis sativa is energizing. However, some specialists on the subject allude that this tripartite classification is useless since it would be better to identify the types of cannabis in varieties.

A supporter of this classification is Amos Elberg, director of the Data Science department of Confident Cannabis, who in an interview with the media above alluded that, when reviewing the chemical composition of the flower, it is impossible to identify characteristics consistent with the types of indica cannabis, sativa or hybrid.

There are wide varieties of cannabis, and sometimes this wide range of possibilities can be overwhelming. In reality, the possibilities are endless because each time two genetics cross, a new breed is born with unique organoleptic characteristics.
However, a person doesn’t have to be an expert to understand the four significant varieties of marijuana- Indica, Sativa, Ruderalis, and hybrid.

Differences Between Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa, and Cannabis Ruderalis

Each of these marijuana strains has a growth pattern. Furthermore, it has different aromatic and aesthetic characteristics. However, most of the genetics circulating today in the market are hybrids that mix the Sativa or Indica characteristics in a different ratio depending on the breeder’s intentions. In automatics, these hybrids have intermediary with the Ruderalis inheritance responsible for these genetics’ speed. Although today hybrids offer the vast majority of cannabis versions, knowing each type’s characteristics will help you better understand which variety to grow, why, and what results to expect.


1. Cannabis Sativa Strain


Origin of Cannabis Sativa Strain:

These types of cannabis plants have their origin in Asia, America, and Africa. In large part, Sativa’s characteristic morphology is due to its adaptation to the environment, especially humidity. That is why Sativa is the result of the plant’s interaction with more humid climates, where the plant needs to facilitate perspiration.

Characteristics of the plant:

  1. Great stature, they usually reach 4.5 meters or more.
  2. Long branches with large distances between nodes
  3. Widely extended root system.
  4. Large thin leaves

Cultivation Characteristics of Sativa Strain:

  1. They tend to produce sparse flowers when grown indoors.
  2. Are good producers outdoors
  3. They can reach excessive heights in a short time.
  4. The flowering phase is later than that of the Indica varieties.

All varieties of industrial hemp are considered cannabis sativa.


They tend to produce an energetic, fast and euphoric effect, so the plants belonging to this group are known for their “daytime” consumption since they do not make a narcotic effect and allow daily activity. Sativa varieties have been highly appreciated by those who want to enhance their creativity because their effect is cerebral and psychoactive. They can help develop artistic activities.


2. Cannabis Indica


Origin of this Marijuana Strain:

It comes from Pakistan and India and is a type of cannabis highly appreciated by both growers and those who consume it. Indica varieties have adapted to survive in drier and more arid climates, which is why their stature is shorter, and they are robust, stocky plants with broad leaves designed to minimize water loss during transpiration.

Characteristics of the plant:

  1. Small, squat, and compact size
  2. Condensed root system
  3. Robust stems
  4. Broad, dark green leaves
  5. Dense and heavy flowers loaded with THC and surrounded by leaves that sometimes acquire reddish and purple tones.

This type of marijuana plant is much smaller than Cannabis Sativa. It usually reaches 1.5 meters in height and has the appearance of a fir tree.

Cultivation characteristics:

Indoor: Indica marijuana plants are ideal for the beginning grower due to their small size and short flowering time.
Outdoor: This cultivation is an excellent option for terraces and balconies, and those growers are looking for discretion. They are harvested in September, making them highly valued in cold areas and where rains are frequent.


Indicas are “night plants,” that is, their consumption is recommended during the hours before sleep due to their powerful narcotic effect characterized by being physically relaxing and is often described as “having a large slab on top of the head. ” It is a kind of cannabis widely used for medicinal use.

Did you know?

In India, this type of cannabis has traditionally been used for religious ceremonies and to induce sleep and specific therapeutic uses.


3. Cannabis Ruderalis Strain:


Origin of this Marijuana Strain:

These types of plants have their origin in Siberia and Kazakhstan, explaining their peculiar characteristics. The few hours of light and the low intensity that the plants received in these areas made them adapt to the environment, which is why Ruderalis does not depend on exposure to sunlight to initiate flowering.

Characteristics of the plant:

  1. Small size and feral appearance
  2. It appears as a weed that borders the roads.
  3. Presents less branching than Sativa or Indica species
  4. Conical appearance

Cultivation characteristics:

The photoperiod is not the precursor to flowering.


It contains shallow levels of THC. Its effect more than intoxication produces a headache.

Did you know?

The Ruderalis have been used to create auto-flowering hybrids.
Breeders have created the autoflowering varieties currently on the market from crossing Ruderalis genetics with other Sativa and Indica. Although you cannot compare the first auto-flowers’ quality and stability standards with those of the feminized ones, after a long process of genetic improvement, nowadays, the auto-flowers have high-quality levels in every way.


4. Hybrids Cannabis Strain:

We can found the three above varieties of cannabis and marijuana strains naturally. However, human beings have been creating different combinations to obtain other effects or increase resistance or proliferation through artificial selection in nurseries and plantations based on them.
The effects of hybrids depend on their origin and combination. That’s why this category is much more heterogeneous than the previous ones since the crosses and the crossing of genes make the variety of products obtained very wide.

Marijuana Strain as a Psychoactive Substance

Marijuana strain is a substance with psychoactive properties. Along with its derivatives, among which is marijuana, it is part of the group of psycho-dyspeptics. It is a type of substance that produces alterations in psychic activity and perception.

The use of cannabis tends to increase activation and euphoria at first and then leave a relaxing effect on the user (being used by many users to reduce anxiety and stress ). It also causes the sensation of hunger. Furthermore, it has antiemetic and anticonvulsant effects. Moreover, marijuana even minimizes the sensation of pain, having analgesic effects. Disorientation and altered consciousness may appear, and in some cases, hallucinations may even occur.

Effects of Marijuana Strains

When a person smokes marijuana, THC and other chemicals in the plant pass from the lungs into the bloodstream. Then the bloodstream quickly transports them through his body and to the brain. He begins to feel the effects almost immediately. Many consumers experience a pleasant euphoria and a sense of relaxation. Other common effects, which can vary widely from person to person, include increased sensory perception (for example, brighter colors), laughter, altered perception of time, and increased appetite.
If you consume marijuana in food or drink, the effects take a little longer. Usually, it’s after 30 minutes to an hour — because the drug must pass through the digestive system first. When eating or drinking marijuana, the THC amount that enters the bloodstream is considerably less than when you smoke the plant’s equivalent amount. Due to the slower effects, it’s possible that people inadvertently consume more THC than their intention.

Experiences with consuming marijuana are not universal rather distinct. Some people feel anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic instead of relaxation or euphoria. When you consume much cannabis, these effects may take place. Sometimes, marijuana is stronger than expected. Those who have used large doses of marijuana may experience an acute psychosis, including hallucinations, delusions, and loss of sense of personal identity. These unpleasant reactions — albeit temporary — differ from longer-lasting psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia) related to marijuana use in vulnerable people.
Although detectable THC amounts can remain in the body for days or even weeks after use, the visible effects of smoking marijuana generally last between one and three hours; Those of consuming foods or drinks with marijuana can last for many hours.